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Know the symptoms, causes and types of Jaundice in adults

240197/15Jaundice in adults is caused due to malfunctioning of liver when in excess amount of bilirubin is formed by breakdown of red blood cells and mixed with the blood. During Jaundice in adults, skin, white portion of eyes, turn into yellow color due to secretion of fluid bilirubin from liver in enhanced level. Bilirubin is of yellow -orange color and is known as bile pigment due to which all external parts of body are exhibited as yellow. When a superficial portion human body turns into yellow color, Jaundice is detected in adults.  This phase in human body is technically termed as Hyperbilirubinemia. In common term, it is called Jaundice, which is derived from the word from French language Jaune.

Symptoms and causes of jaundice

During exposal of jaundice in adults, body parts like white portion of eyes, mucusmembrane, skin in the mouth including nose turns yellow. Body parts and tissues are floated with excess amount of bilirubin due to attack in liver by hepatitis, cirrhosis or gallstones. Urine will turn into deep yellow color and stool will be of pale yellow. If these symptoms match to your body, please take advice from doctor for quick recovery.  You perhaps know, red blood cells break in normal 120 days’ cycle and produce bilirubin. But, these bilirubin goes to liver and gets combined with bile secreted from gall bladder and is removed by the body through normal waste removal system. When everything is running fine, level of bilirubin is not increased in the blood and normal bilirubin removal function runs properly. But, when liver is attacked by some diseases, normal function of the liver slows down and bilirubin is released in the blood without releasing through waste and body parts turn into yellow causing Jaundice.

Prehepatic and post hepatic of jaundice

Jaundice in adults may occur due to various reasons. As you know, Red blood cells break up in normal 120 days’ cycle. But, if RBC breaks down before 120 days, then also excess bilirubin is released in the blood without releasing through the waste and may be the cause ofJaundice. This type of jaundice is termed as prehepatic jaundice. Jaundice may also arise during malaria, thalassaemia, hereditary spherocytosis, due to sickle cell in anaemia and Criggler Najjar syndrome. Gall stones. pancreatic cancer, Pancreatitis, gall bladder cancer or cancer in bile duct may also misbalance the normal waste removal process of bilirubin and may lead to jaundice.


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