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Understanding Of Anatomy Of The Knee Joint

The importance of the knee in our body are undeniable. They are our door-to-weight and our main tool to keep us moving. Often we are not aware of the importance of our own knees until the time we made can not be used, as in the case of a knee injury. To understand this part of the body to better understand the anatomy of the knee joint is essential.

The knee joint is the most complex and most common of the human body, and it’s really interesting to know the anatomy of the knee. This is the only thing in common, where there are only two bones are connected to each other, but there are three bones connected to this common one. These bones are the femur, tibia and patella, which is only a kneecap. These bones are covered with a thin layer of cartilage that is quite soft in texture. The basis of this cartilage as a complete and bones are separated by less friction during movement of the bones in this town. However, this complex structure, the presence of cartilage as well. Lateral collateral ligament is one of these ligaments is to stabilize the knee. This is the main ligament that gives strength to the entire knee.

Other important components of the knee joint menisci. Each knee has two menisci, meniscus is a C-shaped and the other is in the form of O. As for their position is concerned, they are present in between the femur and tibia, and the purpose of this meniscus is to give flexibility to the entire collection. These menisci are also supplied with blood vessels to feed the knee joint. With excessive force and pressure, get the damaged meniscus and tear of the bone causing a huge pain and inflammation. Anterior horn of the lateral meniscus tear refers to damage of the lateral meniscus C-shaped, especially in the anterior horn. Since the meniscus acts as a shock absorber and protects the cartilage in the knee joint, it plays an important role in maintaining the knee intact. In fact, they are nearly 40 percent of the total weight applied to the knee.

Since these are soft and as a body weight support, a strong tension between the bones can easily take away from its original position.

Meniscus is fibrocartilage rather than dense cells and mainly composed of a matrix of collagen fibers. Nearly 75 percent of the menisci are made of collagen type I. The structure and operation of the meniscus provides functionality as a cushion to disperse the excessive loads and pressure on the knee. The typical anatomy of the knee joint contributes to its operation, thus mobilizing all.

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